Common nail problems include white spots and dots. The following are possibilities. An allergy to nail polish gloss, gloss, hardener, or nail polish remover can cause white spots on your nails. You may also get white spots from chemicals use for the removal and application of gel or acrylic nails. Common nail fungus white superficial mycosis may appear on the toenails. One sign that the infection is present early on may be small white spots on the nails.
The infection can spread to the Wedding Press on Nails beds. Flaky nails can become thicker and more brittle. True leukonychia might be an inheritance condition, but it is extremely rare. It can be caused by a gene defect that can be passed on to a child from either one of its parents. People who are born with true leukonychia from a hereditary condition usually develop all-white nails at birth or early in life. Trust Source
In some cases, leukonychia might be due to rare diseases, such as:
- Bart Pumphrey syndrome can cause nail abnormalities, knuckles, and hearing problems.
- Bauer syndrome Trust Source, which leads to leukonychia.
- Bushkill-Gorlin syndrome causes nail problems and kidney stones. It also causes skin cysts.
- Darier disease, which can cause nail abnormalities or wart-like skin blemishes
White spots or dots may form when your nail grows from an injury to your matrix, the base of your fingernail. The time it takes for your fingers to grow can make it difficult to remember the injury. Some injuries will not be visible for at least 4 weeks.
These are some of the most common causes of injuries to nails:
- Close your eyes and close your mouth when you are done
- You can strike your finger with the hammer
- Strike your nails into a counter or desk with your nails
You may also experience whitening from repeat manicures. The nail matrix and nails may become damage from pressure by the manicurist.
Medicines and Poisoning
White spots can be cause when certain medications are use. These medications include chemotherapy to treat cancer as well as sulfonamides for bacterial infections. Arsenic and/or lead poisoning can also cause lines on your nails. Seek medical attention immediately if you are experiencing other symptoms of heavy-metal poisoning. A blood test is possible to detect these elements at abnormal levels. If you are low in certain vitamins or minerals, your nails may show white spots. Zinc deficiency is the most common cause of this problem. Your doctor will determine your risk for mineral deficiency.
Inflammatory skin diseases such as hand eczema or nail psoriasis can cause nail matrix damage. This can lead to abnormalities in the nail plate.
Leukoderma results in white patches under the nails. It is sometimes mistaken as whiteness in the nail.
These are the causes of whiten nails less often:
- Heart disease
- Kidney failure
- iron deficiency (anemia)
- Liver cirrhosis
These are possible causes, but they are very rare. If you have persistent white nails or any other abnormalities, your doctor may examine other conditions.
What Do White Spots On Nails Actually Mean?
Skandera states that white spots on the nails can indicate a number of things. But the most common cause is poor nail care. Dr. Dana Stern (a board-certified dermatologist and nail specialist) explains that white spots on the nail plate can’t be remove easily.
How Can You Prevent White Spots From Developing On Your Nails?
Dr. Frank suggests keeping nails clean by keeping them hydrate with cuticle oil. Avoid biting and other damaging behavior, taking breaks between manicures and especially those that involve gels, scraping, or acrylics. You can try it for two weeks, or one week if you’re very prone. Also, stick to manicures that use sterilized equipment. You might want to avoid nail polish and glue if you think the spots may be cause by allergies.
Treatment depends on the reason for the white spots. There are many tests doctors may use to diagnose white spots.
- Mycology, where fungi or nail clippings can be sent off to study
- Nail biopsy, in which a doctor removes small amounts of tissue to perform testing
- A blood test can be done to detect if there are any systemic diseases.
There is no treatment available for white spots alone. Trauma-related spots will naturally disappear over time. If they are cause by trauma, the doctor must identify the cause and treat it as an individual. See a doctor if you have concerns about white nail spots. . The time it takes for your fingers to grow can make it difficult to remember the injury. Some injuries will not be visible for at least 4 weeks
Do You Need To See A Doctor About White Spots On Your Nails?
They don’t usually need to be worried about if the white spots appear for a short time. You should consult your doctor if they persist, and you don’t think they might be due to injury. Liner stated, “Pressing your nails on the Best Press on Nails can tell you if it is serious.” The white color that remains is usually caused by trauma and should not be considered alarming. If the white color does not disappear, it may indicate a more serious problem. A board-certified dermatologist will examine your nails and determine the cause. You might want to avoid nail polish and glue if you think the spots may be cause by allergies.
Was Your Diet Not Well-Balanced Recently?
It is possible that your nail does not get enough vitamins or minerals, which could lead to white spots. Consider a multi- or hair, skin, nail, and nail supplement to ensure that you are receiving the essentials.
Nail trauma is most commonly responsible for whitened nails. These white spots are almost always harmless. Fungal infections and medical conditions can also cause nail white spots. See your doctor if your nails are white or your entire nail is white.