What Happens Before, During, And After A Bone Marrow Transplant?
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What Happens Before, During, And After A Bone Marrow Transplant?

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Healthy blood cells and bone marrow are essential to living. When the bone marrow gets affected by some disease and stops functioning correctly, the doctor recommends cord blood or bone marrow transplant as the ideal treatment option. Plus, it can be the only potential treatment for some patients.

During a bone marrow transplant, the healthy blood-generating cells of the donor are taken and inserted into the bloodstream of the recipient patient. The healthy cells mix up with the recipient’s blood and multiply to form more healthy RBCs (red blood cells), platelets, and white blood cells.

To make the patient fully prepared for the transplant, the doctor gives them a high dosage of chemotherapy. At the time of transplant, the donated cells are transmitted into the patient’s body in a way similar to receiving medicine or blood via a tube or IV catheter.

Despite the high bone marrow transplant cost in India due to the lack of donors, it has become an essential treatment procedure to bring a person back to their everyday life. So, if you’re preparing yourself or are looking forward to this treatment for some loved ones, you should be well aware of what happens before, during, and after the transplant.

Read till the end to find out.

Bone Marrow Transplant: What Happens Before The Transplant?

Before the transplant, the doctor will perform multiple tests to find out the exact type of bone marrow cells that your body needs. They will make you undergo chemotherapy or radiation therapy sessions to kill the marrow or cancer cells before implanting the new stem cells.

It usually takes a week to complete a bone marrow transplant. Thus, it becomes crucial to make preparations prior to your transplantation. These preparations will include:

  • Payment of bills, insurance coverage, and meeting other financial obligations
  • Applying for medical leave from your office
  • Arranging a vehicle to go and leave the hospital
  • Packing necessary everyday items along with clothes
  • Keeping pets or children in some care unit or relative’s house
  • Housing near the hospital

At the time of treatments, there will be an adverse impact on your immune system, impairing its potential to combat infections.

Thus, you’ll be allocated a special room at the hospital facility where only patients undergoing bone marrow transplants are kept. This lowers your vulnerability of getting triggered or exposed to any bacteria or element that can result in an infection.

Bone Marrow Transplant: What Happens During The Transplant

The bone marrow transplant will be done when the doctor considers you to be ready. The overall process has a resemblance to the blood transfusion procedure.

If the doctor performs an allogeneic transplant, they will take the bone marrow cells from the donor a day or two beforehand. However, if they use your very own cells for the transplant, they will harvest them from your stem cell bank.

When it comes to acquiring bone marrow cells, the doctor uses a needle to collect the cells from both hip bones. Before collecting the cells, the doctor will give you anesthesia. It means you’ll fall asleep and won’t feel any pain.

Bone Marrow Transplant: What To Expect After The Treatment

The success rate of any bone marrow transplant mainly depends on the compatibility of the recipient (you) and the donor’s genetics. Getting a perfect match can sometimes become extremely challenging when the donor isn’t your blood relative.

The doctor will daily monitor and supervise your engraftment state. It usually completes within the next 10 to 28 days after the transplant. The increasing count of the white blood cell is the initial sign of engraftment. It signifies that your body has started to form new blood cells.

It typically takes around three months for someone to recover from a bone marrow transplant. However, you’ll need at least a year or so to recover fully. The speed of your recovery depends on factors like:

  • Donor compatibility
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • The condition being treated
  • The part where the transplant is done

There’s a high chance that many of the signs and symptoms you endure after the completion of the transplant will be there in the long run.

Final Words

Awaiting the bone marrow transplant or living life after it can be somewhat difficult.

However, to ensure a high success rate and minimal risks after transplant, you must choose the best hospital that offers reasonable bone marrow transplant costs in India.

One such exceptional hospital care facility is the BLK Max Hospital. Their doctor and support unit will assist you throughout the treatment procedure.

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